LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY FOR DYSPHAGIA (HELLER’S MYOTOMY)
Laparoscopic Heller’s Myotomy (Achalasia Cardia)
What is Achalasia Cardia?
Achalasia is a disorder of the esophagus that prevents normal swallowing. Normally, peristalsis causes the esophageal sphincters to relax and allow food into the stomach. In achalasia, which means “failure to relax,”
the esophageal sphincter remains contracted.Normal peristalsis is interrupted and food cannot enter the stomach.
What are the symptoms of Achalasia Carida?
- Dysphagia,or difficulty swallowing, is the most common symptom of
- Chest pain that is often mistaken for angina pectoris (cardiac pain).
- Nighttime cough or recurrent pneumonia caused by foodpassing into the lower
What is the surgical treatment for achalasia Cardia?
Laparoscopic Heller’s Myotomy with Dor’s fundoplication.
How Laparoscopic Heller’s Myotomy is performed (Surgical Procedure)?
It is performed under general anaesthesia making small key holes in the abdomen through which the telescope and thin & long instruments are introduced and surgery is performed by seeing inside of the abdomen on a TV monitor
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